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Prostate Cancer: What Men Need To Know

Posted April 10, 2018

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. It occurs when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow uncontrollably. While it is rare in men younger than 40 years of age, the chances rapidly increase after age 50.

Here are some symptoms, risk factors, and prevention tips to know.

Symptoms

When caught early, prostate cancer is highly treatable. However, it may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. That’s why it’s important to get a regular prostate exam after the age of 40.

That said, advanced cases of prostate cancer can cause symptoms such as:
  • Trouble urinating
  • Bone pain
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Blood in semen
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine

Risk Factors

Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
  • Age- The risk of having prostate cancer increases with your age. 
  • Race/Ethnicity- For reasons not yet determined, men of African ancestry are more likely to have prostate cancer than men of other races.
  • Family History- Your risk may be increased if family has a history of prostate cancer. If a man has a father, brother, or son with prostate cancer, the risk of developing it is 2 to 3 times higher than the average risk.
Recent studies have shown that those with benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, is NOT a risk factor for prostate cancer.

Prevention

Here are some things that you can do to help prevent or lower your chance of getting cancer prostate cancer:
  • Exercise most days of the week
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables

Treatment

Depending on the severity of the case, treatment options for prostate cancer might include:
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Vaccine therapy
  • Cryotherapy (cryosurgery)
It’s important to consult with your doctor or health care provider about all of your possible treatment plans, before making a decision. While choosing treatment options, remember to consider your stage of cancer and your age and life expectancy.