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What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

Posted March 5, 2018

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged and not cancerous. As the prostate enlarges, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely.

BPH is common in aging men and generally begins in a their 30s--though symptoms usually do not appear until after 50. About half of all men between the ages of 51 and 60 have BPH.


The most common symptom of BPH is the need urinate often.

Other symptoms include:
  • Feeling that the bladder is full, even right after urinating
  • Weak urine flow
  • Trouble starting to urinate
  • The need to push or strain to urinate
In severe cases, you might not be able to urinate at all. This is an emergency and should be treated right away.


There is no sure way to prevent BPH. However, regular checkups & prostate exams, along with a healthy diet and exercise, can help protect against BPH. 


There are many treatment options for BPH. Some include:
  • Surgery- For long-term treatment of BPH, a urologist may recommend removing enlarged prostate tissue or making cuts in the prostate to widen the urethra.
  • Medication- A health care provider may prescribe medications that stop the growth of (or shrink) the prostate or reduce symptoms, like alpha blockers, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, and combination medications.
  • Minimally Invasive Surgeries- These surgeries can be done in your doctor's office or an outpatient center. Choosing the right surgery for you may depend on: the size of your prostate, how healthy you are, or your personal choice.
  • Lifestyle changes may be recommended for men whose symptoms are mild or slightly bothersome. 
At Pinnacle Research, we regularly run BPH clinical trials. If you’d like to be alerted for the next one, follow this link.